• Emily Crapo

Ep 002, Moses 4-5, "Embrace"

As I was searching for Christ-centered takeaways for this week's podcast I discovered that each of them revolved around this idea of "Embrace". It was a beautiful experience for me that thrilled me to the core. If you want to incorporate what you learned in this episode in a FHE or Sunday School lesson, I have included a lesson outline below or you can print it HERE.

Take-Away #1 - “Honor vs Glory”


  • Moses is still having this incredible vision on top of the mountain

  • Last week - he sees

  • The creation of the world

  • He sees the creation of Adam

  • He sees the Garden of Eden

  • In the garden of Eden

  • We see that every tree grows naturally and is pleasant to the sight - Incredible!

  • Not the current condition of my backyard (work in progress)

  • Tree of Life

  • Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil

  • (Read) Vs 16-17 or chapter 3 “Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat…”

  • It is not good for man to be alone (vs18)

  • Creation of Eve

  • Commanded to be one

  • Both naked and not ashamed - state of innocence

  • I just breezed through a ton of great stuff - in your study, take time to dive deeper

Honor vs Glory

  • Starting at the beginning of Moses chapter 4, Moses’s vision shifts for a moment from the Garden of Eden back to the premortal world,

  • Specifically to the Council in Heaven

  • President Joseph Fielding Smith taught

  • God presented his plan for us to progress and ultimately be perfected

  • We would receive bodies

  • Pass through mortality

  • Tried and proved.

  • (Read) He also said, “the thought of passing through mortality and partaking of all the hardships of earth life (the suffering, pain, sorrow, temptation and affliction), as well as the pleasures of life.. and then, if faithful, passing on through the resurrection to eternal life in the kingdom of God, to be like him, filled them with the spirit of rejoicing, and they ‘shouted for joy’ [Job 38:1–7]” (Doctrines of Salvation, comp. Bruce R. McConkie [1954], 1:57–58).\

  • The thought of our suffering, pleasures, resurrection, to be like him - made us rejoice “shouted for joy”

  • Elder McConkie

  • It is important to know that this wasn’t a brainstorm session. This wasn’t God sharing his best guess at what the plan should be and crowd sourcing for input

  • There was one and only one plan.

  • “...the actual question put was whom the Father should send to carry out the plan”

  • Show notes

  • Let’s get into the dialog

  • (Read vs 1) “‘... give me thine honor.’ Okay, let’s keep going”

  • (Read vs 2) “‘... the glory be thine forever. This stopped me.”

  • Remember in the last episode I talked about how one of the ways we come to know Christ (real gold) is to compare and contrast what He does and says to what Satan (fools gold or fake gold) does and says?

  • What stopped me here was the difference between the words honor and glory

  • We know that the book of Moses was revealed to Joseph Smith during his translation of the Bible

  • It hadn’t gone through many translations, by different people who interpreted words differently.

  • From God to him - pretty good

  • Why the difference in words?

  • That question bothered me and I couldn't move past it.

  • Monopoly - “You will not pass Go.”

  • Spirit saying, “there is something here, take a deeper look.”

  • Websters 1828 dictionary

  • Why? - because the meaning of words change over time and what we want to know is “what did these words mean in Joseph Smith’s time.”

  • Satan’s response, “... all the honor be mine.”

  • Honor = rank/reputation, high esteem, distinction, separation or division

  • Satan wanted to look how God looked

  • Only saw God’s outer appearance

  • Honor is skin deep.

  • It’s exterior, veneer, shell. It is rank.

  • “I am different from you.”

  • “I am up here, you are down there. We are separate.”

  • Glory = brightness, felicity and celestial bliss

  • Glory is deeper than the veneer, it’s whole-hearted and all-inclusive

  • What is God’s glory? - Moses 1:39 - “to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man”

  • Let’s explore this concept of glory a little bit

  • Jared Halverson - “How do you make the ineffable, effable?”

  • Even these words don’t come close to enough to what we are trying to describe

  • I can think of no other place in the scriptures that gives us a better idea of what glory is than in Lehi’s Vision of the Tree of Life (we are going there!)

  • 1 Nephi 8:10-12 - description of Lehi’s vision of the vision of life, particularly his experience with the fruit

  • 1 Nephi 11:8 - “I looked and beheld a tree and it was like unto the tree which my father has seen and the beauty thereof was far beyond yea exceeding of all beauty; and the whiteness there of did exceed the whiteness of the driven show”

  • Brightness

  • “I beheld a tree , whose fruit was desirable to me one happy”

  • Felicity and eternal bliss

  • “Most sweet… did fill my soul with joy”

  • Way past the veneer, way past shell and surface level

  • How do we know? Because of what tasting it made Lehi want to do next

  • He wanted to share it

  • Vs 12 - “desirable that my family should partake of it”

  • “Not all the honor be mine”

  • Joseph Smith said, “A man filled with the love of God, is not content with blessing his family alone, but ranges through the whole world, anxious to bless the whole human race.”

  • to give it

  • Dead Sea vs Sea of Galilee Analogy

  • Have you guys ever heard of the Dead Sea analogy?

  • It fits perfectly in this scenario

  • Dead Sea

  • Takes without giving - turned the water toxic

  • Satan didn’t want to share in his honor

  • He wanted distinction, separateness

  • Sea of Galilee

  • Constantly sharing it’s water that it receives

  • By virtue of it giving, it becomes “Living water”

  • Doesn’t King Benjamin say, “... if ye should serve him with all your whole souls yet ye would be unprofitable servants” (Mosiah 2:21-24)

  • Why?

  • 1. Gives you life (breath)

  • 2. Obey the smallest commandment, he blesses you

  • Full Circle

  • Moses 4:2, Christ said, “... the glory be thine forever”

  • Christ could say that because glory of God means SHARING IT

  • God is not a Dead Sea!

  • When Lehi experienced the glory of God he immediately wanted to share it!

  • It’s felicity. It’s eternal bliss.

  • God doesn’t want to be separate from us, he doesn’t want distinction from us

  • He wants to be at-one with us

  • And so does Christ

  • That is why is said “the glory be thine”

  • And their work and glory is to bring about our immortality and eternal life of man

  • To bring us to to them, not keep us down

  • To pull us into their embrace

  • God’s glory is that we might all be in His embrace

Takeaway # 2 - “Cover and Embrace”


  • Satan rebels against God

  • Becomes the father of all lies

  • Seeks to lead men captive

  • He tempts Eve to partake of the fruit of the tree of knowledge

  • Adam then partakes

  • Fall

  • So many neat discoveries in this

  • Did you know that anciently, the serpent was symbolic of authority and kingship?

  • They also symbolized survival over death and healing

  • Sounds like Christ

  • Who does Satan love to imitate? Christ

  • Moses 1:19 - “Satan cried with a loud voice, and ranted upon the earth, and commanded, saying: I am the Only Begotten, worship me”

  • Deceive men

  • Interesting that he took the form of an animal that so closely symbolized Christ

  • See show notes

Cover and Embrace

So Adam and Eve, are about to leave the Garden of Eden

Remember, they were now aware of their nakedness

  • The word nakedness grabbed me in my study

  • Like honor and glory, I felt like there was something deeper to that word that I needed to find

  • Websters 1828 dictionary

  • Nakedness - without defense

  • They were completely defenseless

  • They were aware of it and God was too

(Read) Vs 27 - “Unto Adam, and also unto his wife, did I, the Lord God, made coats of skins, and clothed them.”

  • Remember, Adam and Eve had been living in a paradisiacal state

  • Fruit grew spontaneously

  • Moses 3:9 “And out of the ground made i, the lord God, to grow every tree, naturally, that is pleasant to the sight”

  • Neither plants, nor animals nor Adam and Eve had ever experienced death

  • This would have been the first time that they witnesses death

  • What kind of death?

  • A sacrifice (ding! Symbol of Christ)

  • What was the purpose of this sacrifice?

  • To provide a cover for Adam and Eve

  • To give them defense

  • In Hebrew the basic meaning of the word Atonement is to Cover

  • Adam and Eve were covered by the sacrifice of an animal

  • Before that, they were naked, completely defenseless

  • Defenseless to whom?

  • Moses 4:4, “Satan… the father of all lies, to deceive and to blind men, and to lead them captive at his will.”

  • 1 Peter 5:8, “Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.”

  • Christ gave them defense

  • In Moses 5, Adam is taught the symbolism of that sacrifice

  • Moses 5:7, “This thing is a similitude of the sacrifice of the Only Begotten of the Father, which is full of grace and truth.”

  • Christ gave Adam and Eve defense by covering them with His sacrifice

  • We too, are covered by the sacrifice of Jesus Christ

  • But this takeaway is called “Cover and Embrace”

  • In Aramaic, the word of Atonement means embrace

  • So fitting to what we learned about glory in takeaway 1

  • He wants to us to be in His embrace

  • D&C 6:20, “...Be faithful and diligent in keeping the commandments of God, and I will encircle thee in the arms of my love.”

  • 2 Nephi 1:15, Lehi says, “But behold, the Lord hath redeemed my soul from hell; I have beheld his glory, and I am encircled about eternally in the arms of his love.”

  • God isn’t a power hungry tyrant trying to control our lives (that would be Satan)

  • Moses 4:1, “... I will redeem all mankind, that one soul shall not be lost and surely I will do it”

  • He wanted to control us and take all the honor for himself

  • How he has twisted that story!

  • Alma 30:23 Korihor, “... Because I do not teach the foolish traditions of your fathers, and because I do not teach this people to bind themselves… to usurp power and authority over them, to keep them in ignorance…”

  • (Read) 2 Nephi 9:41

  • The way is “narrow but it is straight”

  • There is only one Keeper of the gate and that is Christ

  • Just like we read in D&C 6:20 - we need to be faithful and keep the commandments SO THAT God can share his glory with us THROUGH Jesus Christ

  • So that we can experience light, felicity and eternal bliss

  • So that we can be forever encircled about in His arms of love

  • That is the “Real Gold” standard that we talked about last week

  • So if you need to run a test, you could ask the question

  • “Am I being told that God is trying to control me, “bind me”, “keep me ignorant”?” If so - this doesn’t match what I know to be the true characteristics of God.

  • Fake gold/Fools gold

  • Toss it

  • Trying to create enmity (separation) between us and God

Takeaway # 3 - Enmity

  • Last, short and sweet


  • After God is told that Satan beguiled Eve

  • He has a quick discussion with Satan


  • Moses 4:21- God said unto the serpent, “... I will put enmity between thee and the woman, between they seed and her seed; and he shall bruise thy head.”

  • President Ezra Taft Benson’s talk (“Beware of Pride”) - he defines enmity as, “hatred toward, hostility to, or a state of opposition’”

  • As we talked about in Take-away 1 and 2, Satan tries to flip the story on us

  • Trying to put us in opposition with God and Jesus who’s work and glory is to share with us their light, felicity and eternal bliss

  • But we are not left defenseless

  • Christ covered us with His sacrifice

  • Ephesians 2:13-16 (give credit for this find to my husband who shared this gem with me this week)

  • Read

  • Christ was the sacrifice that covered Adam and Eve and He is the sacrifice that covers us

  • So that we can experience reconciliation (friendship - God’s wants a relationship with us) and peace

  • Jeffery R Holland said, “However late you think you are, however many chances you think you have missed, however many mistakes you feel you have made or talents you think you don’t have, or however far from home and family and God you feel you have traveled, I testify that you have not traveled beyond the reach of divine love. It is not possible for you to sink lower than the infinite light of Christ’s Atonement shines.”

  • No matter what you’ve done

  • No matter the walls of enmity you’ve build (we all have them)

  • Christ breaks down those walls

  • “You have not traveled beyond the reach of divine love”

Sources Cited

Take-Away #1

  1. Pearl of Great Price Institute Manual - https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/manual/the-pearl-of-great-price-student-manual-2018/the-book-of-moses/moses-4-1-19?lang=eng

Take-Away #2

  1. Positive Serpent Symbolism - https://evidencecentral.org/recency/evidence/positive-serpent-symbolism

  2. The Atonement - https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/general-conference/1996/10/the-atonement?lang=eng

Take-away #3

  1. Beware of Pride - https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/general-conference/1989/04/beware-of-pride?lang=eng&para=p12#p12

  2. Laborers in the Vineyard - https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/general-conference/2012/04/the-laborers-in-the-vineyard?lang=eng

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